Protein is made up of amino acids that join together to form long chains. There are 22 amino acids that help to form the thousands of different proteins in the body. It is very important for productivity, growth and development of the human body.
It should be noted that protein is not only needed during the early stage of life but also at different stages and levels of human life. However, the amount required depends on gender, age, and physiological conditions such as growth, pregnancy, and lactation, among many other things.
Proteins make up enzymes that aid thousands of biochemical reactions that take place within and outside of the cells. Proteins play a vital role in regulating the concentration of acids and bases in both the blood and its fluids.
Some proteins are hormones, and hormones are chemical messengers that aid communication between the cells, tissues and organs. Proteins help to regulate body processes to maintain fluid balance. Albumin and globulin are bio proteins that help to maintain body fluid balance by attracting and retaining water in the body.
Proteins also form immunoglobulins or antibodies to fight infections, while transport proteins carry substances throughout the bloodstream into cells, away from the cells, and within cells. The substances transported by these proteins include nutrients like vitamins or minerals, blood sugar, cholesterol and oxygen.
However, in Nigeria, protein consumption has been studied and reports have shown that there is a protein deficiency situation in the nation. Protein consumption depends on various factors, which include: affordability, taste, culture, fondness for certain protein-rich foods and nutritional value (in some cases).
On the other hand, soybeans, often called the ‘miracle bean’, provides high quality protein of high biological value. In addition, when combined with other foods like whole grains, milk and eggs, it is believed to help children grow taller naturally. Agro Nigeria